Esau is Denied a Role in God's Redemption
Esau (also known as Edom) had three Canaanite wives who gave him a large family. As Jacob's family moved to Bethel, Esau knew the Promised Land was not his. Both Esau and Jacob had large families and herds; too large to live close to one another. So Esay took his leave and resettled at Mount Seir.
They were an important family and neighbors to Israel and were mentioned 130 times in the Bible.
When the Israelites came through the wilderness to the Promised Land in the time of Moses, the Edomites refused them passage through their land (Numbers 20:21). This was a source of great discouragement for the nation (Numbers 21:4). Even so, God commanded special regard for the Edomites among Israel: You shall not abhor an Edomite, for he is your brother (Deuteronomy 23:7).
The kings and leaders among the descendants of Esau show clearly what God meant when He said, "Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated" (Malachi 1:2-3 and Romans 9:13). Esau was obviously a blessed man, but he was rejected for any critical role in God’s plan of redemption. That redemption would come from Jacob's lineage.